AGGRAVATED INCEST - Aggravated incest occurs when a person a) marries or subjects to sexual contact his or her natural child, stepchild or adopted child; or b) marries or subjects to sexual contact a descendant, whole or half sibling, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew who is under ten years old. Aggravated incest is a class 3 felony. See Manual § 6.11 and C.R.S. § 18-6-302.
AGGRAVATED ROBBERY - Aggravated robbery occurs when a person commits a ROBBERY and, either during the robbery or the immediate flight from the robbery, the defendant a) is armed with a deadly weapon and the defendant intends to harm anyone if resisted, b) wounds or strikes the victim with a deadly weapon, or puts the victim in fear of death or bodily injury with a deadly weapon, c) has a confederate who is armed with a deadly weapon and is aiding or abetting the defendant, or d) he possesses a simulated deadly weapon in fashion that would lead a reasonable person to believe it is an actual deadly weapon. See Manual § 6.8 and C.R.S. § 18-4-302.
ARRAIGNMENT - The court appearance at which the defendant formally enters a plea. In misdemeanor cases, the arraignment often occurs at the same time as the advisement. In felony cases, arraignment is generally a separate hearing occurring after a preliminary or dispositional hearing. See C.R.S. § 16-1-104(2) and Manual, §§ 4.3, et seq., and 7.1.
BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD - The standard, defined by Colorado statute, to make determinations as to decision-making and parenting time for the children in a divorce. The standard includes various considerations, such as the wishes of the parents, the wishes of the child (in limited circumstances), the mental and physical health of the parties, the ability of the parties to encourage love and affection between the child and the other parent.
BURGLARY, FIRST-DEGREE - This occurs when a person enters unlawfully, or remains unlawfully after an entry, in a building or occupied structure with the intent to commit a crime, and assaults or menaces anyone or is armed with a deadly weapon. If the place that is burglarized is a pharmacy, or the object of the burglary is controlled substances, the crime is more serious. See Manual § 6.8 and C.R.S. § 18-4-202.
DIRECT FILLING - Title 19 of the C.R.S. provides that a prosecutor may bypass juvenile court and file charges against a juvenile directly in adult court, and have the case treated as an adult case, if the child is fourteen or older and is alleged to have committed a class 1 or 2 felony, a crime of violence, certain weapons-related offenses or certain other offenses, or if the child has been adjudicated delinquent for felonious behavior within the past two years and is alleged to have committed certain types of crimes. See Manual § 5.4 and C.R.S. § 19-2-517. A prosecutor in an adult case may file directly in district court, even if the case has been dismissed in county court, upon a showing that new evidence exists or other good cause exists for a re-filing. See Manual § 7.1.
EXPERT WITNESSES - Expert witness are witnesses who have specialized knowledge based on their education, training, skill or experience. Once a witness has been qualified as an expert, the witness is allowed to give an opinion on topics within the area of expertise. See Manual § 13.6 and CRE 702, 703, 704, 705 and 706.
FORGERY - Forgery occurs when a person, acting with intent to defraud, falsely makes, completes, alters or utters a written instrument that is, or that is purported to be, a check. The forgery statute actually includes a large number of other written instruments, such as government or corporate obligations, commercial instruments, wills, etc., but check forgery is the most common form of forgery. See Manual § 6.10 and C.R.S. § 18-5-102.
FOURTH AMENDMENT - "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the person or things to be seized." It is this constitutional provision that bars the introduction of illegally seized evidence. See Manual § 7.4.
SEPARATION AGREEMENT - The document prepared by parties which fully lays out the agreement of the parties at the time the divorce is finalized as to all issues, including decision-making, parenting time, child support, division of property and debts, maintenance and any other issues between the parties. See Manual § 10.3.
SEXUAL INTRUSION - Sexual intrusion is defined by any intrusion, however slight, by any object or any part of person's body except the mouth, tongue or penis into the genital or anal opening of another person's body if that sexual intrusion can reasonably be construed as being for the purpose of simple arousal, gratification, or abuse. See Manual § 6.7 and C.R.S. § 18-3-401(5).
TEMPORARY ORDERS - The orders of the Court in a dissolution proceeding that resolve issues relating to debt service, monthly bills, child support, temporary use of marital property, and temporary allocation of decision-making and parenting time, until such time as there is a further order of the Court. See Manual § 10.3.
THEFT BY RECEIVING - Theft by receiving occurs when a person receives, retains, loans money by pawn, or disposes of anything of value of another, knowing or believing that the thing of value is stolen, and intending to deprive the lawful owner of the use or benefit of the thing of value. See Manual § 6.8 and C.R.S. § 18-4-410.